SFB BeyondC

After two decades of intensive experimental and theoretical research in quantum science, we have now reached a new era of quantum technologies. Several scenarios have been identified for which quantum information processing outperforms its classical analogue. Moreover, various implementations have demonstrated reliable control and operation of around ten qubits. Despite these efforts and advances, we are still very far away from a full-fledged quantum device mastering several thousand qubits.

On the road towards such a quantum device, theory and experiment need to work together closely in a joint focused effort to tackle the challenges ahead. The main challenge of BeyondC is to identify applications of and methods for quantum information systems beyond classical capabilities. This is the regime of demonstrated quantum superiority – when a quantum device outperforms any classical device for a certain problem class.

Our consortium spans the various areas of quantum information science that are required for this task and will apply its theoretical and experimental expertise towards the sub-goals of

  • precise control of up to 20 qubits for quantum computing,
  • the realization of a quantum simulator using up to 50 qubits,
  • the operation of quantum secure data processing,
  • the derivation of new algorithms suitable for medium-size quantum processors,
  • the development and implementation of quantum machine learning protocols,
  • the realization of hybrid quantum-classical and hybrid quantum-quantum systems,
  • and the verification and validation methods for medium-sized quantum processors.

We will build on three implementation platforms, photons, trapped ions, and superconducting quantum circuits and will combine them as needed to transcend the limitations of any individual one. Experiments using photons will focus on the generation and manipulation of highly entangled multipartite states, and their usage in quantum computation and quantum communication. With trapped ions and superconducting qubits we will realize the medium sized quantum computers, and run the quantum protocols, verification tools, and quantum machine learning algorithms developed by the theory groups. These developments will rely on methods drawn from quantum information, quantum optics and condensed matter physics.

Our consortium combines the expertise of six experimental physics groups led by G. Kirchmair, T. Monz, G. Weihs (University of Innsbruck), C. Roos (IQOQI Innsbruck), J. Fink (IST Austria), P. Walther (University of Vienna) and six theory groups led by J. I. Cirac (MPQ, Garching, Germany), H. Briegel, B. Kraus, W. Lechner (University of Innsbruck), C. Brukner, B. Dakic (University of Vienna). All of us have made ground-breaking contributions to quantum science in the past and we will apply our joint effort towards laying the basis for future quantum technologies. Beyond C will not only foster the collaboration and synergies among the consortium, but also strongly promote the next generation of researchers and enhance public awareness of Austria’s pioneering role in quantum science.